Difference Between Alcohol and Water (With Table)

No one can thrive in this world without water. Our bodies are composed of 60% water, demonstrating its importance. Water is a type of molecular element, and it is the necessity of life, including humans, plants, and animals while alcohol is a chemical compound, and can be used for useful purposes (medical purposes and scientific experiments) or otherwise produce health issues.

Alcohol vs Water 

The main difference between alcohol and water is that alcohol is found in the liquid state of matter only and water can be found in liquid, solid and gaseous states of matter. Alcohol is a chemical compound with a sweet or sour taste and water is a molecular substance with no taste.

Alcohol is a hallucinogenic substance that is present in alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine. Its chemical name is ethanol. Alcohol produces various effects in the consumer including happiness, reduced anxiety, enhanced sociability, sedation, cognitive impairment. Humans can get addicted to alcohol, which can further lead to dependency. 

Water is the primary ingredient of the Earth’s hydrosphere. It is an inorganic, clear substance. It provides dispersion in the form of rain, clouds are made up of suspended drops of water, and water in its gas state is known as steam or water vapor. 

Comparison Table Between Alcohol and Water     

Parameters of Comparison



Chemical Formula



State of Matter

Exists only in the single liquid state

Solid (ice), liquid (water), and gaseous (steam or vapor)

Type of Substance

Alcohol is a chemical compound

Water is a molecular substance

Boiling Point

78.37 °C



Most alcoholic drinks have a slightly astringent taste

Water is tasteless

What is Alcohol?

Alcohol, commonly recognized by its chemical term ethanol, is a psychoactive component present in alcoholic drinks. Among other things, alcohol induces satisfaction and euphoria, reduces anxiety, enhances sociability, sleepiness, impairment of intelligence, and widespread depression of nervous system function.

Alcohol has a lot of detrimental short-term and long-term repercussions. Widespread cognitive impairment is one of the short-term harmful impacts, including confusion, nausea, purge, and migraine episodes. 

Humans can become addicted to alcohol, which can cause drug abuse problems and dependency. Its intake is the sixth biggest cause of cancer and can have several long-term negative health repercussions, notably liver and brain impairments.

The favorable consequences of alcohol are caused by elevated levels of dopamine and endogenous opioids in the cortex’s rewarding networks. For about 10,000 years, people have created and continued to drink alcohol for its intoxicating effects.

Unlike many other recreational drugs, alcohol is typically socially accepted and legal in most nations. Nonetheless, there are frequently limits on the sale and usage of alcohol, such as a minimum drinking age and legislation prohibiting public drinking. An intoxicated person quickly loses his senses, which is why he is not permitted to drive or work (in a drunken state).

The way anything is used in this world determines whether it is valuable or destructive. It is entirely dependent on the individual and how he employs it. Alcohol should be drunk in moderation since an oversupply of anything is hazardous and serves as a murderer. 

What is Water?

Water (H2O) is an inorganic, clear, tasteless, odorless, and almost colorless chemical element that is one of the primary ingredients of earth and is present in all living species. 

Even though it contains no calories or organic ingredients, it is essential for all known living organisms. Its chemical formula, H2O, reveals that each of its molecules is made up of one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are linked together by covalent bonds. 

The hydrogen atoms are at an inclination of 104.45° to the oxygen atom. “Water” refers to the liquid form of H2O at typical conditions of pressure and temperature.

Water exists in a variety of natural conditions. It is essential to the global economy. Humans use 70% of the freshwater available. Freshwater and saltwater fishing is an important source of sustenance in many places of the world.

Boats convey most of the long-distance commerce of resources (such as oil, organic gas, and manufactured goods) over oceans, canals, reservoirs, and rivers.

In industry and residences, large amounts of water, frost, and steam are utilized for temperature control. Water is an excellent medium for a broad variety of organic and mineral compounds; as such, it is frequently employed in industrial operations, as well as in cooking and cleaning. 

Main Differences Between Alcohol and Water 

  1. The chemical formula of alcohol is C2H5OH, whereas H2O is the chemical composition for water.
  2. Alcohol is found in the liquid state of matter while water can be found in the liquid, gaseous and solid-state.
  3. Alcohol is a chemical compound meanwhile water is a molecular substance.
  4. The boiling point of alcohol is 78.37 °C and water has a boiling point of 100°C.
  5. Most alcoholic drinks have a slightly astringent taste while water is tasteless.


Water and alcohol have opposing tendencies: one is life-giving, while the other is life-taking. Water is a life-sustaining ingredient that we require till the day we die. Water has the power to dissolve a wide range of substances. It can be used to make culinary goods. 

While alcohol may be used to generate both beverages and hazardous liquids. On the one hand, it is harmful because it can severely impair a person’s physical and mental, resulting in a variety of health issues such as kidney and liver injury, cancer, heart failure, but on the other hand, it has important medical, scientific, and manufacturing applications. It is also used as a fuel and in the creation of perfumes occasionally.


  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ja01438a004 
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/anie.200603378