Wires are the conductors that are used to conduct electricity or electron flow. Both magnetic and nonmagnetic metals are conductors, but nonmagnetic metals are considered to be the best. Several metals are being used in the industries for this purpose, but the most used metals are Aluminum and Copper. Both Aluminum and Copper Wire are being used for a very long duration, and both of them have different properties.
Aluminum Wire vs Copper Wire
The main difference between Aluminum Wire and Copper Wire is that both have different properties, and this is because of their respective metal. It has a different weight, cost, conductivity, ductility, tensile, color, temperature resistance, and many more. Aluminum Wires are much cheaper, have less conductivity, ductile and tensile, are lighter, and are corrosive as compared to Copper Wires.
Aluminum Wires are more economical, and the lighter wire which increases its usage. Although the Aluminum Wire cannot be used at every place due to the corrosive nature. And it is slightly difficult to make wire out of the Aluminum due to its less tensile and ductile nature.
Copper Wires can be easily made out of copper as it is more ductile and tensile and also can be used at more places, even at high temperatures, but the only disadvantage it has is its price and its weight. Copper Wire is no economical. They are really expensive and are heavier in weight.
Comparison Table Between Aluminum Wire and Copper Wire
|Parameters of Comparison||Aluminum Wire||Copper Wire|
|Conductivity||It is comparatively lesser in conductivity.||It is Higher in Conductivity.|
|Weight||It is Lighter||It is Comparatively heavier.|
|Temperature Resistance||It Expands at High Temperature and opposite at Low temperature.||It Can resist the effect of Thermal Changes.|
|Cost||It is comparatively Less Expensive.||It is More Expensive|
|Ductile and Tensile strength||It is comparatively Less Ductile and Tensile.||It is More Ductile and Tensile|
What is Aluminum Wire?
Aluminum or Aluminium Wires are one of the most used wires dues to their properties and usage.
Features of Aluminum Wires:
- The Molecular weight of the wire 26.98
- The appearance of the wire is silvery.
- The melting point of the wire is 660.37 °C
- The Boiling point of the wire is 2467 °C
- The density of the Wire is 2700 kg/m3
- The Tensile Strength is 6800 psi Coldroled 16,000 psi.
- The Thermal Conductivity of the Wire is 2.37 W/cm/ K @ 298.2 K
The Advantages of Aluminum Wire are:
- Light Weight: one of the main advantages of aluminum wires is their lightweight, which is 2.7 g/cm3, which reduces is costs in manufacturing. This also helps in using it in vehicles that leads to less noise and increase comfort level too.
- Ductile: Aluminum is a Ductile that means it can be drawn in thin sheets or wires without much difficulty. For example, aluminum foils are used in every household for several purposes.
- Impermeable: Aluminum is odorless and impermeable, making it the best for packaging edible and sensitive things.
- Nonmagnetic Metal: Nonmagnetic metals are generally considered to be the best conductor, and aluminum is one of those metals.
- Reuse: aluminum is a metal that is recycled and can be reused multiple times.