Difference Between Amalgamation and Merger (With Table)

Amalgamation is defined as the fusion of two or more firms where they usually work in the same kind of occupation to form a purely new organization. Amalgamation usually works in two methods including the form of merger or the form of absorption. Amalgamation is a lawful procedure where two or more organizations unite themselves to form a new firm.

A merger is where two or more institutions lend themselves to create a new firm or a company. The merger implies to the consolidation of two or more organizations, to form a new company through the method of absorption. In this process, both the organizations capitulate their shares and commodities and provide new shares as a new institute.

Amalgamation vs Merger

The main difference between Amalgamation and Merger is that Merger gives birth to an all-new organization whereas, in Amalgamation, the receiving organization keeps its identity and the received institute’s identity gets disintegrated.


Comparison Table Between Amalgamation and Merger (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of Comparison




The method in which two or more organizations are mixed up together to form a new firm, which receives their job is known as Amalgamation.

The merger is defined as the mixing of two or more firms by their individual respective choices to form a new organization.


In Amalgamation, a new firm is formed by the combination of 2 or more existing firms.

In a Merger, an existing organization disintegrates one or more existing firms.


Amalgamation takes place on the dynamism of an exterior supporter.

In a merger, the surviving organization takes the hold and control and makes full effort to effect the merger.

Minimum organizations involved

Amalgamation involves a minimum of 3 organizations.

The merger involves a minimum of 2 companies.

Impact on shareholders

Amalgamation affects all the shareholders.

In a merger, the shareholders of absorbed organizations are influenced.


What is Amalgamation?

Amalgamation is defined as the procedure in which two organizations get mixed to build up a new firm, which takes over the occupation and full control of the mixed organizations. The firm which is delivering loses its recognition to build up a new organization. It includes the involvement of one firm by the other firm.

The techniques of the judgment of accounts for amalgamation are Pooling of interest Techniques and Purchase techniques. Amalgamation is the procedure where the organizations which go into combination are known as Amalgamating organizations or Retailer organizations.

The organizations which are combining are of similar proportions and environment, which collectively decides to relax up the firm to build a different and unique permissible institute with a brand new and unique name.

There are various advantages of amalgamation including alliance, enlargement, depletion in contention, an elevation in productivity, etc.


What is Merger?

A merger is the union of two organizations on basically similar terms into a new lawful institution. Mergers are of various types and there are many reasons why an organization involves themselves in this procedure.

Mergers are usually taking place to enlarge the organizations or the institutes reach and scope out of a particular area, or to gain market stocks and commodities, or to grow revenues. All of these kinds of tasks are done to enlarge and increase stockholder value. Subsequently the merger, stocks, and commodities of the new firm are allocated to the keep going, stockholders.

The motive for embracing the merger by many organizations is that to combine the assets, power, and fragility of the merging institutes accompanying the separating business obstacles, reducing contention and to gain harmony and alliance.

Describe the different types of Mergers which are there?

  1. Conglomerate Merger: – This is a type of merger between institutes that are indulged in purely separate employment activities.
  2. Congeneric Merger: – This is a type of merger in which two firms are in similar or linked organizations but do not serve similar products.
  3. Horizontal Merger: – This is a type of merger combination that takes place between organizations that work in a similar firm.
  4. Vertical Merger: – This is a type of merger of two or more firms that serves different supply chain features for commodities or assistance. 

Main Differences Between Amalgamation and Merger

  1. Amalgamation takes place when two or more organizations unite and combine themselves to give rise to a brand-new company whereas Merger is a kind of communal scheme where two or more organizations by their individual respective choices join together and make a fusion to form a new company is known as Merger.
  2. In the case of the Merger, there is a more lawful protocol as compared to Amalgamation.
  3. Amalgamation can be said as an elective in the environment. On the other hand, Merger can be unrestricted or unfriendly.
  4. In the case of Amalgamation, there are at least 3 organizations indulged which includes 2 Amalgamating companies and 1 new organization which is formed by the fusion of the two companies whereas, in the Merger, only 2 organizations are indulged.
  5. The size of the organizations which are formed through the process of Amalgamation is more or less the similar whereas in case of Merger, 1 organization of large and huge size control and master the organization of compact size.
  6. Stockholders are very much affected and influenced through the procedure of Amalgamation whereas the Merger does not affect much the stockholders.



In today’s world, we can see only a few numbers of Mergers whereas the process of Amalgamation is getting recognized and admired day by day at extreme levels. Amalgamation is the process through which two or more institutes are combined and fused to build up a brand- a new firm whereas the merger is a collective partnership among the two or more organizations in becoming one.

There is a high exposure to risk in the process of the Merger whereas the risk part in very much low in the procedure of Amalgamation as compared to the Merger. Maruti Motors’, a firm of India and Suzuki named firm in Japan combined through the process of Amalgamation to build a new organization called Maruti Suzuki. Vodafone-Idea merger and Snapdeal-Freecharge Merger are one of the top Mergers in India.


  1. https://journals.co.za/content/ju_jur/2010/1/EJC52736
  2. https://ejournals.bc.edu/index.php/ihe/article/download/6952/6169
  3. https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116%3C1838%3AACSOTM%3E2.0.CO%3B2