Difference Between Anorexia and Bulimia

The key distinction between anorexia and bulimia is their consuming sample. Anorexic sufferers don’t eat whereas bulimic sufferers eat, however attempt to purge utilizing varied strategies.

Anorexia and bulimia are two frequent consuming problems. They each end in poor calorie consumption. In anorexia, the poor caloric consumption is because of insufficient consuming. In bulimia, the affected person vomits quickly after a meal with out permitting for digestion and absorption. There are a lot of similarities in addition to variations between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, and which is mentioned right here intimately.


1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What’s Anorexia
3. What’s Bulimia
4. Similarities Between Anorexia and Bulimia
5. Facet by Facet Comparability – Anorexia vs Bulimia in Tabular Type
6. Abstract

What’s Anorexia Nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterised by worry of weight acquire, unreasonable and unhealthy restriction of meals, mostly related to speedy weight reduction. On account of their irregular notion of physique picture, folks with anorexia are obsessive about having a skinny determine. The incidence of anorexia nervosa is 1% in females and 0.1% in males. It impacts largely younger grownup females between 15 and 20 years of age.

Anorexia nervosa is definitely a misnomer. Anorexia means a lack of urge for food whereas sufferers recognized with anorexia nervosa should not have a lack of urge for food, however they restrict the meals consumption excessively in worry of weight acquire. They solely seem to don’t have any urge for food.

Whatis Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia nervosa is characterised by episodes of consuming giant quantities of meals quickly and making an attempt to rid oneself of the meals consumed, by vomiting, laxatives, train, stimulants or diuretics. Mostly used technique is vomiting. Largely, folks simply insert a finger into the throat to set off the gag reflex and induce vomiting. Some use salt water. Extreme unsafe use of laxatives is one other technique. Rigorous train can also be a recognized technique of purging.

This situation was first described and recorded by a British psychiatrist. There’s a lack of knowledge on the prevalence of bulimia due to the problem in detecting instances. Research obtainable up to now have produced the wide selection of figures. In line with obtainable knowledge, females of low-income households are at the next threat of getting bulimia. People who love dancing, gymnastics, ballet, and athletics even have the next threat of getting bulimia.

What are the Similarities Between Anorexia and Bulimia?

  • Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are each frequent in females than in males.
  • People affected by anorexia or bulimia might complain of feeling very chilly. This is because of lack of physique fats. The fats tissue within the pores and skin helps regulate the physique temperature by insulating the physique towards warmth loss. Extreme anorexia nervosa may additionally trigger a drastic drop in blood strain. On account of poor circulation in fingers and ft they really feel chilly to the touch.
  • Poor nail and hair progress is one other frequent think about each anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Nails are quickly rising pores and skin appendages. A substantial quantity of vitality and vitamins are required for nail and hair progress because of the related speedy cell divisions and maturation. On account of restriction of meals, the every day necessities of those micronutrients and macronutrients should not met. Due to this fact, nails and hair develop slowly.
  • The extreme pressure within the physique because of the long-standing lack of ample caloric consumption in each anorexia and bulimia might trigger irregular menstruation. For the reason that menstrual cycle has a cerebral cortical management, stress, emotional upheaval may additionally trigger menstrual irregularities. Power malnutrition will trigger disruptions of follicle maturation within the ovaries. This results in irregularities in plasma oestrogen and progesterone ranges all through the menstrual cycle.
  • There are a selection of pores and skin options related to anorexia and bulimia, attributable to extreme continual insufficient diet. They will get fungal infections on finger webs (inter-digital intertrigo), pink barely elevated (well-liked) rash, early lack of hair and lack of hair progress (telogen effluivium), bluish discoloration of fingers, toes and typically face (acrocyanosis), painful and tender nail situation referred to as paronychia, yellowish or orange discoloration of palms and soles (carotenoderma), itching all around the physique (pruritus), pimples, stretch marks on the pores and skin (striea distensea), darkening of the pores and skin (hyperpigmentation), purplish reticular mottled look of pores and skin (livedo reticularis), wounds on corners of the mouth (angular stomatitis), dermatitis round mouth, eyes, ears, anus and limbs (acrodermatitis enteropathica).
  • Unhealthy breath is a typical complication of each anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, though the mechanism is totally different.
  • • Despair is probably the most generally encountered psychiatric situation in each anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

What’s the Difference Between Anorexia and Bulimia?

The important thing distinction between anorexia and bulimia is that anorexic sufferers don’t eat whereas bulimic sufferers eat, however attempt to purge utilizing varied strategies. Furthermore, anorexic sufferers have a distorted physique picture notion whereas bulimics don’t; bulimics simply use excessive strategies to remain skinny. Anorexic sufferers don’t use purging strategies whereas bulimics do.

Abstract – Anorexia vs Bulimia

Anorexia and bulimia are two frequent consuming problems. The important thing distinction between anorexia and bulimia is their consuming sample. Anorexic sufferers don’t eat whereas bulimic sufferers eat, however attempt to purge utilizing varied strategies.

Picture Courtesy:

1. “Anorexia Nervosa” By David Junior Williams – Personal work (CC BY-SA 4.0) by way of Commons Wikimedia