Difference Between Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence

In the field Education, intelligence is defined as the capability to understand, deal with and adapt to new situations. When it comes to Psychology, it is defined as the capability to apply knowledge to change one’s environment. In general, Human intelligence is the ability of humans to combine several cognitive processes to adapt to the environment. Artificial Intelligence is the field dedicated to developing machines that will be able to mimic and perform as humans.

What is Human Intelligence?

Human Intelligence is defined as the quality of the mind that is made up of capabilities to learn from past experience, adaptation to new situations, handling of abstract ideas and the ability to change his/her own environment using the gained knowledge. Investigators are still exited (after all these years) to find the meaning of intelligence (because they think they haven’t found the exact meaning of intelligence, yet). More recently psychological interpretation of intelligence has shifted towards the ability to adapt to the environment. For example, a physician learning to treat a patient with unfamiliar symptoms or an artist modifying a painting to change the impression it makes, comes under this definition very neatly. Effective adaptation requires perception, learning, memory, logical reasoning and solving problems. This means that intelligence is not particularly a mental process; it is rather a summation of these processes toward effective adaptation to the environment. So when it comes to the example of the physician, he/she is required to adapt by seeing material about the disease, learning the meaning behind the material, memorizing the most important facts and reasoning to understand the new symptoms. So, as a whole, intelligence is not considered a mere ability, but a combination of abilities.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the field of computer science dedicated to developing machines that will be able to mimic and perform the same tasks just as a human would. AI researchers spend time on finding a feasible alternative to the human mind. The rapid development of computers after its arrival 50 years ago has helped the researchers take great steps towards this goal of mimicking a human. Modern day applications like speech recognition, robots playing chess, table tennis and playing music have been making the dream of these researchers true. But according to AI philosophy, AI is considered to be divided in to two major types, namely Weak AI and Strong AI. Weak AI is the thinking focused towards the development of technology capable of carrying out pre-planned moves based on some rules and applying these to achieve a certain goal. Strong AI is developing technology that can think and function similar to humans, not just mimicking human behavior in a certain domain.

What is the difference between Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence?

Human intelligence revolves around adapting to the environment using a combination of several cognitive processes. The field of Artificial intelligence focuses on designing machines that can mimic human behavior. However, AI researchers are able go as far as implementing Weak AI, but not the Strong AI. In fact, some believe that Strong AI is never possible due to the various differences between the human brain and a computer. So, at the moment, the mere ability to mimic the human behavior is considered as Artificial Intelligence.