Difference Between CMMI and ASPICE (With Table)

When a company or organization is established, it is not about a single entity while it is a large group of people working in harmony. To keep this harmony becomes harder when the size of the company expands and for such circumstances, international methods or programs like CMMI and ASPICE come in handy.


The main difference between CMMI and ASPICE is that CMMI can be described as a model that offers necessary steps that might be required for the development of the software process. ASPICE, on the other hand, is considered to be a standard that is required to be followed for better software process implementation.

The term CMMI is a short form for Capability Maturity Model Integration that is an appraisal and behavioral program based on process level improvement and developed for the continual growth of a particular organization. CMMI facilitates an organization to find solutions, decrease the possibilities of risks, and provide all sources of product development.

ASPICE that is also known as Automotive SPICE is a variant of ISO commonly known as International Standard. ASPICE is associated with the automotive industry and its main target is to monitor and evaluate OEM suppliers’ performance. It can be elaborated to a framework that provides standard solutions for the development of software or product.

Comparison Table Between CMMI and ASPICE

Parameters Of Comparison




CMMI was launched as the first version of CMM in the year 2002.

ASPICE was developed as the variant of ISO that was launched is in the year 2001.

Full form

The expanded form of CMMI is Capability Maturity Model Integration.

The expanded form of ASPICE is Automotive Software Performance Improvement and Capability dEtermination.


CMMI is not only focused on software development but also gives importance to vehicle systems and their safety.

ASPICE is focused on the different stages of development and functionality of the software; generally associated with the automotive industry.


Safety is the prime factor that is concerned by CMMI, other aspects like cost and schedule are not concerned.

The main factors and aspects that are concerned by ASPICE are cost, schedule, and safety of the product.


There 5 stages and 3 criteria are provided by CMMI makes it very easy and convenient to understand.

ASPICE is not classified like CMMI which makes it a bit hard to understand.

What is CMMI?

CMMI is a model for processes level training for organizations that was developed at Carnegie Mellon University. In most contracts in the US especially associated with Software development, a CMMI certificate is mandatory. CMMI model is consist of 5 levels or stages that are initial, repeatable, defined, managed, and optimizing respectively.

The first stage of CMMI is considered too poorly unpredictable that is almost reactive. The second stage, repeatable, is useful for projects being developed. The third stage applied to Organization and its structure is proactive. Hence, each stage comes with unique features and regulations that contribute to the growth of the company or organization.

CMMI is a subsidiary of ISACA, a large corporation, whose main purpose is to elaborate the positive aspects of technology to business technology professionals. CMMI serves generally in three criteria that are CMMI for Development shortly known as CMMI-DEV, CMMI for Services abbreviated as CMMI-SVC, and CMMI for Acquisition, commonly known as CMMI-ACQ.

There have been a few separate versions of CMMI that has been launched and in version 2.0 these three criteria were merged. CMMI is one of the very structured programs that is classified based on many factors and makes it easier to understand.

What is ASPICE?

Automotive SPICE is a program or an international standard to monitor the performance and development of software in the automotive industry. It is also considered to be a variant of ISO. The maturity and structural frame of ASPICE is known to be equivalent to CMMI while the prime focus of ASPICE is the software and its development.

ASPICE has two dimensions or categories of development that are governance and assessment. Automotive companies manage the governance and it is certainly required by OEMs while in assessment, a project must value the software engineering process and art system. The automotive industry has become so dominant that it can change one’s life thoroughly.

In this situation, the question arises that how a person can trust the random software company and its product (software) and what assurance is there that what type of data will be kept. Just like this, several other types of questions float in the mind of a person.

Hence, an organization like ASPICE helps both companies and their potential customers to build a bond of trust among them. Because it monitors certain activities when software is developed. To reach a particular level, ASPICE offers scales from 0 to 5 and most of the OEMs require at least level 3 to achieve.

Main Differences Between CMMI and ASPICE

  1. CMMI is considered to be the successor of CMM while ASPICE is the first version of the International Organization for Standardization shortly known as ISO.
  2. CMMI is a model or program that was developed by Carnegie Mellon University as part of a project while some German carmakers created ASPICE.
  3. Capability Maturity Model Integration is the complete form of CMMI while ASPICE was shortened from Automotive Software Performance Improvement and Capability dEtermination.
  4. CMMI is widely used and known for its descriptive and structure framework while ASPICE is a bit complex to be understood by ordinary people.
  5. CMMI program is entirely focused on the safety of the product. On the other hand, ASPICE also includes cost, management, schedule, and safety as important aspects.


CMMI and ASPICE are two types of appraisal programs developed to help various companies and organizations. These programs facilities organizations to the most out of their staff and customers. It is not that easy to organize the workplace and look after the development process of the product.

Also, a company has to win the trust of the people that could take many years. But if a company gets certified with such an appraisal program then the time is saved and everything becomes convenient to understand and operate. These programs can be very beneficial to impact the satisfaction of the customer and extract direct benefits for the company.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=dNyv0h91BJIC&oi=fnd&pg=PT13&dq=CMMI&ots=wPjEguPaf6&sig=XzdlIX-pK7cUVeNLQaKQ8oYKdq0
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6296677/