# Difference Between Dielectric Constant and Frequency (With Table)

Dielectric material refers to a material that is an electric insulator. It is a very poor conductor of electricity. No current flows when this material has been placed in an electrical field. Dielectric constant and frequency help in understanding dielectric capacitance and changes in dielectric properties.

## Dielectric Constant vs Frequency

The main difference between Dielectric Constant and Frequency is that in dielectric constant, the value always remains constant. Whereas, in dielectric frequency, the value changes according to the variation in the electric field frequency. There are other differences between the two in terms of their meaning, measurement method, value, graphs, and applications.

A dielectric constant is a particular value that has been derived from the calculation and later given to a capacitor. This value is based on the comparison between the capacitance of the particular substance in a vacuum. It is executed both with and without a dielectric material present. A dielectric material is an insulating material.

A dielectric frequency is the changes that occur in the properties of dielectrics caused due to the changes within an electric field frequency. A dielectric’s potential for storing energy is dependent on the electric field’s frequency applied at the particular moment. Dielectric dispersion is another term for this phenomenon.

## What is Dielectric Constant?

A dielectric constant refers to a particular value that has been calculated and later given to a capacitor. The value is based on the comparison between the capacitance of the particular substance in a vacuum, both with and without a dielectric material present. A dielectric material is an insulating material. Any device that is capable of storing an electric charge is called a capacitor. And how effortlessly a substance is capable of storing an electric charge is called a Capacitance.

The dielectric constant can be described with the help of the given formula k = C / Co. In the formula, the ‘k’ is a constant, which is calculated. The C represents the capacitance in the presence of dielectric material. Whereas Co represents the capacitance without the presence of dielectric material. The value calculated is always greater than 1. For several different substances, it has been determined at a set temperature of 25 degrees Celsius.

The dielectric constant values are capable of changing along with the changing temperature values. This is due to the impact of the conductivity of materials. The dielectric constant provides information regarding the electricity storing capacity of a particular substance and further determines the use of the substance.

## What is Dielectric Frequency?

A dielectric frequency refers to the changes that occur in the properties of dielectrics caused due to the changes within an electric field frequency. The potential of a dielectric for storing energy is dependent on the electric field’s frequency applied at the particular moment. Dielectric dispersion is another term for this phenomenon.

It is possible to calculate the changes that occur in dielectric properties for different frequencies. The method utilized for measuring the properties at different frequency values is known as Dielectric spectroscopy. Mostly a graph is constructed that displays the changes in various properties at increasing frequencies of the electric fields. The graph can showcase the changing electrical charges.

This concept is very beneficial for scientists. The recordings of the changes in dielectric properties at different frequencies of the electric field assist them in understanding the behavior of a given material in several conditions. The experiments conducted on the dielectric properties of the material can give crucial information about the material. This information is further used for alterations for improvement and decking their applications.

## Main Differences Between Dielectric Constant and Frequency

1. Dielectric Constant refers to a value for a particular capacitor that is based on possessing a particular type of dielectric present. Dielectric Frequency refers to a measure determining the dielectrics changing in line with the changes in the electric field.
2. Dielectric Constant is measured using the formula K= C/Co; C and Co are capacitance with and without dielectric presence. Equipment is used for measuring the properties of the dielectric at different frequencies.
3. In the case of the Dielectric Constant, the value here remains constant. Commonly room temperature at a specific frequency is used. In the case of Dielectric Frequency, the value is variable. It changes along with the variation in the electric field frequency.
4. In most cases, while determining the dielectric constant, a graph is not constructed. In most cases, while determining the dielectric properties at different frequencies, a graph is constructed.
5. Dielectric Constant is of great importance in engineering while developing new materials that will be used in different fields. It helps in determining the best situations for the material to be used. Dielectric Frequency is very useful for scientists in predicting how materials will perform in a given situation.

## Conclusion

Dielectric constants may seem like similar concepts, but they are quite different. Dielectric Constant is a value for a particular capacitor that is based on possessing a particular type of dielectric present. Dielectric Frequency is the measure that helps in determining the dielectrics changing in line with the changes in the electric field. Dielectric Constant is measured using the formula K= C/Co; C and Co are capacitance with and without dielectric presence.

Equipment is utilized for measuring the properties of the dielectric at different frequencies. The value remains constant in Dielectric Constant. Whereas value is variable in dielectric frequency. In most cases, while determining the dielectric constant, a graph is not constructed. In most cases, while determining the dielectric properties at different frequencies, a graph is constructed.

## References

1. https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.3.1338
2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1193114/