Difference Between Dwarf and Midget (With Table)

As time passes, we humans continue evolving, we are adding new terms and words in our language to communicate in a better way. Sometimes we use words from ancient languages and sometimes we modify the old words to define things easily.

Dwarf vs Midget

Just like that the word “Dwarf” derived from the ancient German language. The dwarf is used for a very short person, someone less than 58 inches tall.

Midget comes from the word “mycg” used for the small fly. Both Dwarf and Midget describe a short person. however, midget is considered an offensive word nowadays.

If a person has an adult height of 147 cm (4 ft 10 in) then he/she is considered a dwarf. Medically when a person has a condition that causes them to be very short with the disproportion of body parts is known as dwarfism.

Comparison Table Between Dwarf and Midget (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of comparison




a person, animal or plant that is much smaller than the usual size with disproportionate body parts

a very small person with proportionate body parts like normal humans


Not considered offensive

Considered offensive


Humans, animals, and plants

Humans only


147 cm (4 ft 10 in)

147 cm (4 ft 10 in)

Physical condition

Extremely short but disproportionate body type – joint diseases, enlarged head, bow legs, dental problems, hunched back.

Extremely short but proportionate body type


Genetic disorder

Genetic disorder


What is Dwarf?

The word dwarf is used for a person to have a very short height (147cm) in their adulthood and have a body disproportionate medically this is called dwarfism.

The primary cause of dwarfism is hereditary clutters and dwarfism can likewise be because of metabolic issues or malnourishment. Dwarfism is not a disease and therefore it has no medical definition.

A person with dwarfism can have these problems – enlarged head, bow legs, dental problems, hunched back, physical deformity or scoliosis.

The most generally realized dwarfism is skeletal dysplasia. Skeletal dysplasia’s are states of strange bone development that because lopsided dwarfism can prompt other medical issues, for example, osteoarthritis.

Dwarfs also can have the proportionate body type and most of the dwarfs can do all things that a normal human can do.

Proportionate dwarfism: A body is proportionately little if all pieces of the body are little to a similar degree and seem, by all accounts, to be proportioned like an assemblage of normal stature. Ailments present during childbirth or showing up in youth limit by and large development and improvement.

Just like the humans’ dwarfs can be found in animals as well as in plants.

There are more chances for a baby to be a dwarf when both the parents are dwarf (very small body stature with disproportionate body parts). However, a baby can also be a dwarf when both the parents are normal in this type of case.

What is Midget?

Midget means a very small person with an adult height of 58 inches or 147 cm (4 ft 10 in) this word is only used for humans, not for plants or animals.

The assemblage of midget is proportionately little, it implies all the pieces of the body are little to a similar degree and has all the earmarks of being proportioned like a group of normal stature.

Just like Dwarf, Midgets are also caused by genetic disorders and there are more chances of inheriting the condition when both parents are extremely short body stature.

Midget is not a medical term and nowadays this word is rarely used; it’s been utilized until the finish of the twentieth century. but now it’s considered an offensive word, so it’s better to not use this word if you want a good conversation with the short-heightened person.

There have been developments to evacuate the utilization of midget from age order classifications in youth sports.

A midget can add more inches to his or her height by taking some hormonal supplements and proper nutrition, one should keep in mind to consult it with their doctor before taking any hormonal supplement.

Some people also use accessories like heightened shoes which have long heels in this way, short people can feel like normal humans not physically but this type of thing helps them to be confident.



Due to the extremely small body stature both Dwarf and Midget have to face a lot of physical, psychological and social problems. A little misbehavior of normal humans to them may reduce their self and social confidence.

As human beings, we must respect every person on the planet no matter how their height is or body type is. Now when talking about respect there is no easiest way to show respect than using the right words for the right person at the right time.



  1. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a37e/d30388ff154fc1be990c416146bcc269c656.pdf
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-18902-9_27
  3. https://dsq-sds.org/article/view/579/756