Difference Between Grid Computing and Cloud Computing (With Table)

Grid computing and cloud computing are reasonably comparable that can be confused so easily. The ideas are very comparative and both offer similar vision of offering types of assistance and services to the clients through sharing assets among a huge pool of resources. 

Both Grid computing and Cloud computing depends on network technology and are fit for performing various tasks meaning clients can get to solitary or numerous application instances to perform various tasks and assignments.

Grid Computing vs Cloud Computing

The main difference between grid computing and cloud computing is that in grid computing assets are distributed, where each site has its own administrative control whereas in Cloud computing, the resources are centrally managed.

In Grid computing, a group of computers work together and cooperate to take care of an enormous issue by parting it into a few little units which are disseminated over computers (part of a network).

While Grid computing includes virtually computing resources and assets to store enormous measures of information, Cloud computing is the place where an application does not get to assets legitimately, rather it gets to them through a service over the web.

In Grid computing, assets and resources are circulated over grids, though in Cloud computing, assets are overseen midway. How about we investigate the two processing advancements.

Whereas Cloud computing oust the need of purchasing the programming software and hardware which requires complex design and exorbitant upkeep for building and sending applications rather it conveys it as an assistance or as a service over the web.


Comparison Table Between Grid Computing and Cloud Computing (in Tabular Form)

Parameters of Comparison

Grid Computing

Cloud Computing


Grid computing follows a distributed computing architecture.

Cloud Computing follows client-server computing architecture.


Grid Computing is Application-oriented.

Cloud Computing is Service-oriented.


Grid Computing is less flexible than cloud computing.

Cloud Computing is a lot more flexible than grid computing.


In Grid computing, the grids are owned and managed by the organization.

In cloud computing, the cloud servers are owned by infrastructure providers.


Scalability is as usual normal.

Scalability is higher.


Grid computing uses systems like distributed computing and distributed information

Cloud computing uses services like SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS.


It is accessible through grid middleware.

It is accessible through standard web protocols.


Grid operates as a decentralized management system.

Cloud operates as a centralized management system.


It involves of sharing pool of computed resources on a needed basis.

It involves dealing with a common problem by varying number of computing resources.


What is Grid Computing?

Grid Computing can be interpreted as a network of computers working all together to perform a task that would rather be difficult for a single machine. All machines on that particular network will work under the same protocol to act like a virtual supercomputer. The task that they work on may include analyzing huge datasets or simulating situations which will require a high computing power. Computers on the network provide resources like processing power and storage capacity to the network.

Grid Computing is a subset of distributed computing, where a virtual super computer encompass machines on a network connected by some bus, mostly Ethernet, even sometimes the Internet. It can sometimes be also seen as a form of Parallel Computing where instead of many CPU cores on a single machine, it contains multiple cores spread across numerous locations. The concept of grid computing is not new, but it is not yet perfect as there are no standard rules and protocols established, accepted and welcomed by people.


What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud Computing can be defined as storing and accessing the data and programs on remote servers that are hosted on internet instead of computer’s hard drive or local server. Cloud computing is also commonly referred to as Internet based computing.

Cloud computing is the delivery of different services through the help of Internet. These resources include applications and tools like data storage, servers, databases, networking, and software.

Cloud-based storage makes it possible to save them to a remote database rather than keeping files on a proprietary hard drive or local storage device. As long as an electronic device has access to the web, it has access to the data and also the software programs to run it.

Cloud computing is a popular option for businesses and people for numerous reasons that includes cost savings, increased productivity, speed and efficiency, performance, and security.

Main Differences Between Grid Computing and Cloud Computing

  1. Grid computing uses a well distributed computing architecture and in other hand Cloud computing uses client-server architecture.
  2. Grid computing infrastructure can deal with interoperability very easily whereas Cloud computing doesn’t support interoperability.
  3. In Grid computing infrastructure, the assets and resources are very much limited while in the Cloud computing there is an enormous pool of assets and resources. Sometimes grids can be made using cloud computing.
  4. Resources and assets are always used in a decentralized manner in grid computing. On the other hand resources and assets are pooled in a centralized or seldom in a decentralized manner in Cloud computing.
  5. The applications expand on the cloud are business explicit applications, for example, online application regularly utilized by meager customers or for handheld gadgets. On the other hand, Grid centers around the research based application with the assistance of distributed independent administrative units working inside and out for taking care of a bigger figuring issue.



Cloud computing is an emerging innovation and is a relative of Grid computing. Cloud computing gives constant easy to use administration on a committed, high data transfer capacity web association and boundless assets however its principle burden is that it needs a fast web association. Grids are heterogeneous, inexactly coupled and topographically circulated and superior to conventional groups. In spite of the fact that security could be a significant issue while utilizing grid computing.


  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4738445/
  2. https://www.dcc.fc.up.pt/~ines/aulas/1314/CG/Presentations/Goncalo/papers/06028683.pdf