Difference Between HIV and AIDS

HIV and AIDS are two interrelated medical phrases. The distinction between HIV and AIDS is AIDS is a illness known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which is brought on by the HIV Virus (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). HIV virus destroys the cells within the human physique that fight infections, making it unable to withstand an infection, this illness is named AIDS.

HIV and AIDS will not be simply two phrases. They’ve the potential to break the bedrock of humanity. HIV is the title of the virus within the immune system of a wholesome man and assaults its T cells.

HIV virus, in contrast to different viruses, stays within the physique of the particular person for a very long time and makes his immune system so weak that he can not struggle different frequent infections referred to as OIs. As soon as an individual acquires HIV, he turns into HIV+, and stays so all his life. That is the stage when the depend of CD4, or white blood cells, goes under 200 and the particular person develops a number of frequent infections which his immune system is unable to chase away. That is the ultimate stage of the illness and the particular person is alleged to be affected by AIDS.

What’s HIV?

In medical phrases, HIV is known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s so known as as a result of this virus assaults people solely and immunodeficiency as a result of it assaults the wholesome immune system and weakens it till the particular person is unable to chase away frequent infections. The wholesome physique has a system of preventing illnesses via white blood cells, signified via a CD4 depend. This depend is 600-1200 in a wholesome particular person. However HIV destroys this immune system and when CD4 depend drops under 200, the particular person is rendered incapable of preventing even frequent infections.

If an individual is HIV+, it doesn’t essentially imply that he has AIDS. It has been noticed that it takes a few years for HIV to progress to AIDS. With remedy, HIV stays below management. People who find themselves HIV+ can hope to stay a wholesome life for a few years if handled frequently.

Signs of HIV

  • Fever
  • Complications
  • Sore Throat
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Pores and skin rashes

Causes of HIV

That is an acquired virus, and so an individual can have HIV solely via contaminated blood, semen or vaginal fluids. This virus doesn’t unfold via informal contact and even kissing. Unprotected intercourse, sharing contaminated needles and contaminated moms passing the virus to infants throughout being pregnant are the primary causes of HIV.

Therapy of HIV 

As soon as HIV is recognized, it’s handled with a mixture of medication referred to as extremely lively antiretroviral remedy or HAART.

What’s AIDS?

As described earlier, the superior stage of HIV is known as AIDS. It’s known as a syndrome as an individual bothered with AIDS might have a variety of illnesses and many infections. These are illnesses that an individual develops over a time frame due to a progressively weakened immune system. Because the particular person turns into very weak, he develops many infections which a traditional particular person is well in a position to chase away.

In layman’s phrases, AIDS is a sophisticated stage of HIV. The opportunistic infections which will afflict an individual who’s HIV+ are reminiscence loss, PCP or Pneumonia, KS or Kaposi Sarcoma, losing syndrome or weight reduction, or Tuberculosis.  AIDS takes time to develop and an individual who’s HIV+ might stay wholesome for 2-10 years earlier than he turns into a full blown case of AIDS. 

What’s the distinction between AIDS and HIV?

  • In medical phrases, HIV is known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is the reason for AIDS
  • In layman’s phrases, AIDS is a sophisticated stage of HIV