The field of medical science pays a lot of attention to the problems in blood especially the ones caused by various high or low level concentrations. Two such abnormalities caused in the blood are known as hypocalcaemia and hypercalcaemia. Both the problems stem from the same root cause; the concentration levels of calcium in the blood. It is very important that the problems need to be addressed and taken care of by the doctor immediately in order to avoid any future complications.
The medical term hypocalcaemia is known to be referred with unusually low levels of calcium in the blood. Calcium is basically consumed by the bony structure of the living organism but it should also be known that a lot of constituents of ionized calcium need to be there in human blood as well. If, due to any reasons, the required concentration level of calcium goes down, the person is said to be suffering from hypocalcaemia which is not something that could be ignored. Calcium is a very important constituent in our blood and if the level goes down, a lot of problems could arise. Basic property calcium needs to serve is that of transmitting signals along with the nerves of the human system. Other important role of calcium involves its importance and role in most of the processes going on in the cellular system and if, due to low concentrations of calcium, those cellular processes are disturbed, even deaths could occur.
Hypercalcaemia, on the other hand, refers to the problems caused in the human body when the concentration level of calcium goes way up high in the blood then is required. People who tend to show high levels of calcium in their body face various problems and this all because their body does not cooperate in the regulation of calcium concentration in the body. More often than not, the basic reason why someone suffers with Hypercalcaemia is the fact that there is a gland by the name of parathyroid, which, if starts reacting and become overactive can respond to the body by stimulating high levels of calcium which then seep in to the blood and cause various problems. If the calcium concentration becomes extremely high in the body, it is much likely that the body would start having other problems such as breast cancer, tuberculosis, permanent illness etc. if the concentration level of calcium in the blood is that high, then probably the body will not react that much and only few symptoms would be evident such as nausea feeling, vomit or puking, the problem of stomach ache and more often trips to the washroom for urination. Now moving from mild to concentrated, the calcium increment in the human body will cause your muscles and especially joints of the muscles ache and the patient would feel as if they are extremely tired and fatigued out of no reason.
Hypercalcaemia and hypocalcaemia are the two abnormalities caused in the blood. The former one is caused due to high concentrations of calcium in blood whereas the latter one is caused due to unusually low concentrations of calcium in blood.