Difference Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism (With Table)

Hypothyroidism is characterised by the thyroid gland’s inability to produce a certain amount of hormones, resulting in a hypometabolic state. However, the thyroid gland generates more than the body requires in Hyperthyroidism. As a result of a hypermetabolic state in which the thyroid gland over-reacts, hyperthyroidism is a condition.

Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism

The main difference between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism is that Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is unable to produce a certain level of hormones, resulting in a hypometabolic state. In this case, the body’s hormones are insufficient to suit the body’s needs. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces more than the body needs. Hyperthyroidism is a condition caused by a hypermetabolic state in which the thyroid gland overreacts.

Hashimoto’s illness is a form of autoimmune disease that is one of the most common causes of hypothyroidism. People who have been diagnosed with Hypothyroidism frequently experience pain and suffering as a result of the body’s delayed metabolic processes. People with hypothyroidism gain weight despite having a normal appetite. Patients with hypothyroidism are typically cold-sensitive. Levothyroxine is the standard gold treatment for hypothyroidism.

Grave’s disease is one of the most common causes of hyperthyroidism in humans. The symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism are primarily related to an increase in metabolism within the body. Despite having a strong appetite, people with hyperthyroidism frequently lose weight. Patients with hyperthyroidism are typically heat sensitive. The thyroid gland can be surgically removed, and radiotherapy can also be used to treat this condition.

Comparison Table Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Parameters of Comparison

Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism

TSH levels

Elevated

Reduced or Normal

Appetite and Weight

Less appetite, weight gain

More appetite, weight loss

Metabolism

Slow

Fast

Main Cause

Hashimoto’s disease

Grave’s disease

Hormone Release

Less

More

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism typically experiences pain and suffering as a result of the body’s sluggish metabolic processes. People with hypothyroidism are known to gain weight despite having a normal appetite. Patients with hypothyroidism are frequently cold-sensitive.

TSH levels remain increased in the case of hypothyroidism. Levothyroxine is the most effective treatment for hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is incapable of producing a certain level of hormones, resulting in a hypometabolic state.

In this scenario, the hormones produced by the body are insufficient to meet the body’s requirements. Hashimoto’s disease is a form of autoimmune disease that produces hypothyroidism. It is one of the most frequent causes of hypothyroidism. People who have been diagnosed with

What is Hyperthyroidism?

The symptoms and signs that might be seen in patients with hyperthyroidism are primarily due to an increase in metabolism within the body. Despite having a strong appetite, people with hyperthyroidism often experience weight loss. Heat intolerance is common in hyperthyroidism patients.

The thyroid gland is surgically removed, and radiotherapy is also used to treat this condition. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland generates more thyroid hormones than the body needs. As a result, hyperthyroidism is a condition caused by a hypermetabolic state in which the thyroid gland overreacts.

Carbamazepine and other pharmacological medicines that serve as anti-thyroid drugs are commonly used to treat hyperthyroidism. Grave’s disease is thought to be one of the most common causes of hyperthyroidism in humans. TSH levels are lowered or normal in patients with hyperthyroidism.

Main Differences Between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

  1. In the case of Hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland is not capable of producing a threshold amount of hormones, which is otherwise called a state of the hypo-metabolic state. In this scenario, the hormones produced by the body is not enough to meet the requirements that the body possesses. On the other hand, in the case of Hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces more than the threshold amount that the body requires. Thus, Hyperthyroidism is a state which is the result of a hypermetabolic state in which the thyroid gland is over-reacting.
  2. Hashimoto’s disease is one of the most common causes of the occurrence of the state of hypothyroidism, which is a type of autoimmune disease. On the other hand, Grave’s disease is usually considered one of the most common causes of the occurrence of Hyperthyroidism in the human body.
  3. The symptoms and signs faced by the people who are diagnosed with the state of Hypothyroidism usually experience the pain and suffering which are related to the slow metabolic processes inside the body. On the other hand, the symptoms and signs which could be seen in the patients suffering from hyperthyroidism are mainly due to the state of increased Metabolism inside the body.
  4. People having hypothyroidism are seen to suffer from weight gain despite lacking a proper appetite. On the other hand, People suffering from hyperthyroidism usually suffer from weight loss despite possessing a healthy appetite.
  5. Hypothyroidism patients are usually cold intolerant. On the other hand, Hyperthyroidism patients are usually heated intolerant.
  6. In the case of Hypothyroidism, the levels of TSH remains elevated. On the other hand, in the case of Hyperthyroidism, the levels of TSH remains reduced or normal.
  7. The hallmark therapy which acts best for hypothyroidism is Levothyroxine. On the other hand, the state of Hyperthyroidism is usually treated with the help of Carbamazepine and other pharmaceutical agents, which usually acts as an anti-thyroid drug. Removal of the thyroid gland by surgical means and radiotherapy is also used to treat this state.

Conclusion

In this case, the body’s hormones are insufficient to meet the body’s requirements. The autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s disease is one of the most common causes of hypothyroidism. Grave’s disease is one of the most common causes of hyperthyroidism in people. The symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism are mostly caused by an increase in metabolism within the body.

Heat intolerance is common in hyperthyroid people. Cold intolerance is common in hypothyroidism patients. Levothyroxine is the most commonly prescribed treatment for hypothyroidism. Carbamazepine and other anti-thyroid drugs are commonly used to treat hyperthyroidism. Thyroid gland removal via surgery and radiotherapy are both utilised to treat this condition.

People with Hypothyroidism often endure pain and suffering as a result of the body’s delayed metabolic processes. Despite a lack of appetite, people with hypothyroidism are known to gain weight. However, despite having a strong appetite, people with hyperthyroidism frequently experience weight loss.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002222752035375X
  2. https://www.bmj.com/content/313/7056/539.short