Difference Between Plant Based and Animal Based Protein (With Table)

As nicely said by a great writer- “A healthy body possesses a healthy mind and protein is one of the requirements of the healthy body. Plant-Based and Animal-Based Proteins are the two easily available natural sources. Both of them represent nature. The 2 of them are accompanied with many advantages and disadvantages as discussed further to differentiate between them. 

Plant Based vs Animal Based Protein

The main difference between Plant-Based and Animal-Based Proteins is that Plant-Based Proteins are more healthy and nutritious in comparison to Animal-Based Proteins which are high in cholesterol and accompanied by several health risks. Plant-Based Proteins are considered to be an incomplete source of protein on the other hand Animal-Based Proteins are the Complete source of Proteins as equipped with amino acids. 

The term Plant-Based is used to address the proteins extracted from vegan eatables, by vegan eatables here we mean all those natural sources of proteins that are made without any harm or pain to animals. Plant-Based Proteins are consumed through the intake of grains, staples, vegetables, etc.  It has a low amount of Uremic toxins in it. 

The term Animal-Based Protein referred to the sources of protein available in the cooked animal body parts or their dairy products that are anti-vegan. They are equipped with high Uremic toxins and Harbors Proteolytic Bacteria. Major sources of Animal-based Protein are eggs, meat, fish, poultry, dairy items, etc. The wholesome saturated fats are present in Animal-Based Proteins. 

Comparison Table Between Plant Based and Animal Based Protein

Parameters of Comparison

Plant Based

Animal Based Protein

Fat Amount

Plant-Based Protein Contains very low-fat substances. 

Animal-Based Protein Contains comparatively high-fat substances. 

Dietary Substance.

Plant-Based Protein has more Vitamins, Calcium,  and Minerals

Animal-Based Protein has very few Minerals and Vitamins but is high in calories. 

Health Impact

In Plant-Based Proteins, consumers will enjoy positive health effects.

Animal-Based Protein has adverse health effects like heart disease. 


Sources for Plant-Based Proteins are seeds, green leafy vegetables, staples, and grains. 

Sources for Animal-Based Protein are Meat, Chicken, eggs, and dairy products. 

Absorption Capacity.

It has a capacity of 60 to 70% absorption in the Human Body. 

It has a capacity of 90% absorption in the Human Body. 

What is Plant Based?

Plant-Based Proteins are rich in dense nutrition that helps to fulfill the adequate requirements of essential amino acids in the human body but not completely. One can consume lentils, chickpeas, herbs, tofu, soy, grains without any severe adverse effects on body parts. Plant Protein is free from the risk of Cardiovascular Disease. 

Ample antioxidants, fiber, nutrients, and minerals are present in Plant-Based Proteins to cleanse toxins out of the body. Phytochemicals that are found in Plant-Based Protein also helps to reduce the risk of cancer cell development in the human body. The vegetarian community of people tends to consume a high amount of plant food which results in improper protein intake. 

Unlike, Animal-Based Protein the cholesterol amount is less or no in Plant-Based Protein sources. Vitamin D and B 12 are not found in Plant Protein that resulting in weakness, dizziness, and lack of focus. Plant-Based Proteins cannot fulfill the requirement of DHA, Zinc, and Heme-Iron.   

Fiber present in Plant-Based Protein helps to reduce weight and Antioxidants give the benefit of lower blood pressure levels. Plant-Based Protein is suitable for all types of Body irrespective of any side effects. But a dietician consultancy is always good for the decision-making in protein consumption.

What is Animal Based Protein?

Animal-Based Protein is also termed as a complete source of required amino acids in the human body. Rich sources of Animal-Based Protein are Egg, Meat, Fish, Dairy items, and Poultry. Regular consumption of  Red Meat leads to slow functioning of the Heart and puts more pressure on the Kidney organ. 

Apart from an elevated risk of heart failure, Animal-Based Protein also helps in certain types of disease related to Diabetes, Pancreatic cancer, Weight management if the only balanced diet of fish and meat is consumed by avoiding red meat. All types of essential proteins are found in Animal-Based proteins. 

This type of protein is largely consumed by the Non-Vegetarian Community of the globe. As per biology, a person requires 20 types of amino acids and out of this 11 are developed inside the body to fulfill the need of rest 9, dairy products are the safest option. Since overeating chicken or red meat harms a person’s life. 

On the flip side, the Absorption level of Animal-Based Protein is 90% in the human body which is higher than Plant-Based Protein. In the present scenario, the Go Vegan movement affection the intake of Animal-based Proteins as they aim to highlight the pain suffered by animals. 

Main Differences Between Plant Based and Animal Based Protein

  1. Iron: Plant-Based Proteins lacks heme-iron that can be biologically available whereas Animal-Based Proteins are rich in Heme-iron.
  2. Antioxidants: Phytonutrients Antioxidants are present in Plant-Based Proteins and a Low amount of Antioxidants are present in Animal-Based Proteins. 
  3. Purpose: The purpose of Plant-Based Protein is to intake a balanced diet without any side effects on the contrary the purpose of Animal-Based Proteins is to intake a high-fat diet for speedy energy. 
  4. Digestion: Plant-Based Proteins can be digested in the Human body for up to 100% in contrast Animal-Based Proteins can be digested upto 85% only in the human body. 
  5. Health Risk: Health Risk with Plant-Based Protein is comparatively less in comparison to Animal-Based Protein.


Either Plant-Based or Animal-Based, Protein helps the human body structure in repair, maintenance, and construction. Their notable differences help to decide the adequate consumption of protein in a balanced diet. Protein required continuous supply in body parts since it cannot be stored and developed in the human body like other nutrients. 

Muscles, hair, skin, and organs require protein in the body at regular intervals for proper functioning. Sufficient protein with necessary elements is present in Animal-Based Protein and Plant-Based Protein lacks in certain factors. For building, human body structure Amino acids play a key role which is found in Animal-Based proteins. High consumption of plant food tends to improve the overall growth of bodybuilding blocks with a balanced Animal-Based Protein.


  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00726-018-2640-5
  2. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/145/9/1981/4585688?login=true