Difference Between Project Manager and Program Manager (With Table)

In an organization, a project manager and a program manager are one of the most important positions. They both have their similarities, but the positions are quite different in terms of the tasks they undertake and the general description and focus of their work. A project manager tends to work under a program manager.

Project Manager vs Program Manager

The main difference between a project manager and a program manager is that a project manager leads individual projects to their completions and tends to work for short-term durations, whereas a program manager leads multiple groups of projects and make sure that they are being carried out effectively and tends to work for a long-term duration.

A project manager is in charge of individual projects and making sure that it is carried out on time, within budget, and in alignment with goals. They plan project costs, manage risks, assemble team members, and make sure team members are on schedule. They usually work within a set timeframe.

On the other hand, a program manager is in charge of looking over several groups of projects that are connected through similar organizational goals, which are called a program. They work towards making sure that the program is aligned with the organization’s larger strategy and overall goals.

Comparison Table Between Project Manager and Program Manager

Parameters of Comparison

Project Manager

Program Manager


Work coordination

Program strategy





Supervises individual projects that meet program objectives.

Supervises long-term strategies that consist of multiple smaller projects.


Implement strategies, oversee collaboration, and define success metrics.

Coordinate work, organize projects and track progress.


Measured by the success of individual projects, timelines, and budget compliance.

Measured by the success of program strategies, ROI, and company-wide objectives.


Manages projects

Manages daily program management duties.


They have less seniority.

They have more seniority.


They have a limited timeframe.

They usually don’t have a fixed time limit.

What is Project Manager?

A project manager is a qualified professional who oversees all of the responsibilities and activities associated with a particular project within an organization’s program. They’re in charge of the project management process’s three key activities: scope, cost, and timeframe.

A project manager is responsible for coordinating limitations and delegating all pertinent information to team members that report to them. They oversee particular, short-term requirements or initiatives.

They are in charge of a smaller region than a program manager, but within that area, they are responsible for overseeing the entire team and ensuring that everything is running well.

A project manager often works alongside a program manager because the program tactics they implement account for a large portion of their work. They also report back to them. The team reports to them and asks them questions about the project.

Meeting deadlines, managing the whole team, reporting to the program management, coordinating time and resources, allocating work to team members, creating tasks and timetables, and so on are some of the responsibilities of a project manager.

Project managers should have excellent communication skills and be effective leaders. They must also be adaptive, analytical, decisive, strategic, and prepared to accept responsibility. A good project manager is a critical thinker who can pay close attention to detail and manage time efficiently.

What is Program Manager?

A program manager is a professional leader with a clear vision for the future of a business. They are in charge of ensuring that the program’s goal is achieved, as well as serving as the official mentor and supervisor of teams working on various initiatives that contribute to the program’s success.

A program manager is in charge of comprehending the entire program that the company is working on, as well as how it will affect the company as a whole. They are in charge of identifying and reviewing all initiatives that must be completed in order for the overarching program to be finished.

As a result, they should be the first point of contact for project managers seeking support or reporting. From there, they may ensure that each job is completed correctly.

A program manager is responsible for a variety of tasks, including big-picture objectives. Enlisting teams, monitoring ROI, establishing and analyzing success criteria, reviewing the overall program and project performance, developing and implementing strategies, and so on are some of the responsibilities of a program manager.

Program managers should be effective leaders because they will be in control of project managers and, by extension, the teams that those project managers are in charge of. They must be skilled negotiators with the ability to think critically and communicate effectively.

Main Differences Between Project Manager and Program Manager

  1. Project managers tend to focus mainly on work coordination, whereas program managers tend to focus on program strategy.
  2. Project managers work for a short-term duration, whereas program managers work long-term.
  3. A project manager supervises individual projects that meet the program objectives that have been set. A program manager supervises long-term strategies that involve smaller projects.
  4. A project manager tends to implement strategies, oversee collaborations, and define success metrics. A program manager tends to coordinate work, organize projects, and track the progress made.
  5. Project managers tend to assess the success by the success of individual projects, timelines, and budget compliance, whereas program managers tend to measure success by the success of program strategies, ROI, and company-wide objectives.
  6. A project manager manages individual projects. On the other hand, a program manager manages the daily program duties.
  7. A program manager has more seniority when compared to project managers.
  8. A project manager has a limited timeframe for a certain project, whereas a program manager doesn’t, which means that they can stay with a program indefinitely.


A project manager and a program manager are two designations in an organization that need to work together to keep the company running smoothly.

Project managers focus on work coordination within their separate assigned project and team, whereas a program manager focuses on the overall program strategy consisting of several different projects.

A project manager implements individual project strategies, whereas a program manager supervises the long-term strategies of the program.


  1. https://www.dau.edu/library/defense-atl/DATLFiles/2008_07_08/pei_ja08.pdf
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10429247.2004.11415252