Difference Between Standard Form and Scientific Form (With Table)

A framework of symbols of mathematical information and concepts is known as a mathematical notation. Maths, the physical sciences, engineering, as well as finance all use mathematical notations. The two most widely used forms of notations are Scientific and Standard Notation.

Standard Form vs Scientific Form

The main difference between Standard form and Scientific form is that the latter (also known as scientific form, standard index format, or standard form within the United Kingdom) is a way of representing numbers, which are too large or too small to be represented in decimal form. On the other hand, the standard technique of representing numerals is in standard notation.

Standard form is a method of conveniently jotting down extremely large or very small figures. 4*103 equals 4000 since 103= 1000. As a result, 4000 could be represented as 4*103. This concept can also be used to quickly note down significantly larger quantities in standard form. Smaller units can be expressed in standard form as well.

Scientific notation (also known as the standard form as well as exponential notation) is a method of writing numbers that allow for quantities that are too big or small to be represented in regular decimal notation. The expression of a quantity in its ‘normal’ format is referred to as standard notation.

Comparison Table Between Standard Form and Scientific Form

Parameters of Comparison

Standard Form

Scientific Form


The Standard form is widely used to express the values and quantities that are extremely large or small.

Scientific Form is widely used to express extremely large or small values in the decimal format.


By changing one number to another format, values recorded in standard form can be examined to reference numbers using scientific notation.

To change a value to scientific notation, increase the power of ten with one per position the decimal digits are shifted to the left.

Better Option

The standard form is a way better option to quickly address a value in a short period.

To get started with the basics of notations, the scientific way is a better one.

Also Expressed as

By changing one quantity to some other form, values recorded in standard form can also be contrasted to numbers expressed in scientific notation.

Figures in scientific notation can be presented in various ways. 6e+9 is another way to write the figure6x109.


Before matching 3.4×107 as well as 4,500,000, change 3.4×107 to 34,000,000 or otherwise 4,500,000 to 4.5×106.

There are around 5,000,000,000 people on the planet. 5*1,000,000,000 is comparable to 5,000,000,000. The quantity 1,000,000,000 is similar to 109.

What is Standard Form?

A standard notation shows a method of writing a particular number, computation, or statement in a specific format that meets the specified criteria. 4.5 billion years, for instance, is expressed as 4,500,000,000 years. 

As one can see, expressing a huge number such as 4.5 billion in its numerical form would be not only unclear but also time-consuming because there is a potential that we will record a few zeros lesser or more. As a result, people employ standard notation to express very big or very short values succinctly.

In the United Kingdom, standard notation is also referred to as scientific notation and is often used to write numbers in the order of powers of ten. The standard notation will differ based on the logical idea at hand. 

Depending on the nation a person is in, the standard form has varied connotations. Also, the Standard Notation is the most common style of writing numerals in the decimal system in the USA and other countries that use US norms.

What is Scientific Notation?

Scientific notation is a way of showing numbers, which are either too large or too little to be represented in decimal notation. In the United Kingdom, it’s also known as the ‘scientific format.’ 

Often, it’s used by researchers, mathematicians, including engineers for computations involving large numbers. Nonzero values are expressed in scientific notation as:

m × 10*n

or m multiplied by ten scaled to the degree of n, wherein n is an integer, as well as m, is a non-zero real number. This same integer n is referred to as the exponents, as well as the real number m is referred to as the significand or mantissa.

As noted in the beginning, scientific notation allows us to represent very large or small numbers by multiplying single-digit integers by 10 raised to the order of the relevant exponent. If somehow the value is very large, the exponential part is positive; otherwise, it is negative.

Main Differences Between Standard Form and Scientific Notation

  1. The Standard form is commonly used to indicate exceedingly big or small values as well as quantities. The Scientific Form, from the other end, is often used to describe exceedingly big or small quantities in decimal format.
  2. Figures stored in standard form can also be analyzed to reference numbers employing scientific notation by shifting one statistic to another notation. To convert a figure to scientific notation, raise the power of ten by one for each place the decimal digits are moved to the left.
  3. The standard form is a far superior alternative for swiftly addressing a value in a short amount of time. The scientific method, on the other hand, is preferable for learning the fundamentals of notation.
  4. Values documented in standard form can be compared to numbers written in scientific notation by transforming one quantity to another. Statistics in scientific notation can be displayed in a variety of ways. Another method to express the figure 6×109 is 6e+9.
  5. Before someone matches 3.4×107 and 4,500,000, they should modify 3.4×107 to 34,000,000 or 4,500,000 to 4.5×106. It is an example of a standard form. Whereas the world’s population is estimated to be around 5,000,000,000 people. 5*1,000,000,000 is the same as 5,000,000,000. The number 1,000,000,000 is equivalent to 109. This is an instance of scientific connotation. The number 1,000,000,000 is equivalent to 109. This is an instance of scientific connotation.


To convert a number from scientific to proper format, shift the decimal place towards the left (if the exponential part of ten is negative) or even to the right. This same point should be moved as many instances as even the exponent suggests. Just don’t use the power of 10 any longer.

The goal of scientific notation is to render numerals and units easier to understand, interpret, as well as write. By relocating the decimal place of its decimal value, recast the value with the lower exponential where it has the identical exponential part as the value with the bigger exponent. This is a way to figure out scientific notation.


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0304395987910748
  2. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=what+is+scientific+notation&btnG=