Difference Between Tactics and Strategy (With Table)

Tactics and strategies are various kinds of techniques to develop, compete, and grow in a competitive environment. Tactics is a short-term aimed plan of action to accomplish the desired result. Strategies are a well-planned long-term blueprint for achieving a destination. Tactics are preventive in nature whereas a Strategy is competitive in nature.

Tactics vs Strategy

The main difference between Tactics and Strategy is that Tactics is just action at an instant of time, whereas Strategy is an action plan that leads to a differentiation in the organization. Tactics are applied for a particular task or an event whereas Strategy is applied for a pre-defined purpose. The risk involved in tactics is low when compared to Strategy.

Tactics is an art of arrangement. It refers to the capability of handling a difficult situation. It utilizes all the resources available to overcome a difficult situation such as men, material, machinery, method, and money. It is also known as a precautionary method to prevent an uncertain happening of event.

Strategy is known as a master plan to achieve all the organization’s objectives and goals. It is a comprehensive plan to help in developing the organization and become the best organization in the market. The definition of the strategy is the same for all the fields such as education, business, and so on.

Comparison Table Between Tactics And Strategy

Parameters of Comparison




The tactic is a subset of strategy that helps in achieving a certain goal with proper action.

Strategy is a pre-defined well-established plan to achieve the long-term objectives for developing the organization.

Level of Management

Tactics is a mid-level management plan framed for the welfare of the organization.

Strategy is a top-level management plan for the development and differentiation of the organization’s overview.

Risk Involved

Tactics involve less risk management.

The strategy involves high-risk management.


Tactics are preventive in nature. They are defined so that they prevent uncertainties from occurring in the organization.

Strategy is competitive in nature as it involves competing with other similar organizations in the market.


The tactic is a trip that is of short duration that frequently changes.

Strategy is a journey that is of long duration and does not frequently change.

What is Tactics?

The tactic has a clear purpose that helps in formulating a good strategy. It has a finite timeline during which certain goals and objectives are to be achieved to compete in the market. It is a skill of handling difficult situations to achieve the defined aims or goals. It is completed during a specific period and the outcomes are measured accordingly.

Tactics can be changed based on the strategy fixed. It combines all the resources available such as men, money, machine, method, and material to accomplish the tactics and follow according to the strategy. There can be any number of tactics involved in a single strategy. It is middle-level management of developing the organization.

Tactics are framed and formulated by the department managers and divisional heads in the mid-level of the organization. They would be considering the overall strategy for the tactics framing methodology. They are formulated depending on the market condition then. Thus, frequent changes are occurring in the tactics framed initially.

Tactics are low risk in its risk management point of view when compared to the overall strategy. It focuses on the task that needs to be completed as part of achieving the strategy. Its approach is reactive with high flexibility. It is preventive and precautious in its nature. It focuses on the current situation and puts it back on track.

What is Strategy?

Strategy is a well-planned blueprint of what has to be executed to expect a hilarious change and development towards the competitive market. It is a set of activities framed to make a difference in the organization’s goal towards a positive trend. It is competitive in nature and also involves high-risk in its risk management.

The strategy mainly focuses on the purpose for which it is framed and developed. It is framed at the top-level management and it is a long-term result-oriented plan. Its approach is proactive and comparatively less flexible. The strategy cannot be frequently changed from time to time. It is framed considering all situations and hence it is fixed.

A strategy is a future-oriented approach that needs constant focus on its tactics as well. The organization works on a single strategy whereas few organizations work on multiple strategies as well. That depends on the issue and aim being focussed upon. It is similar to a clause statement when it comes to strategy.

Strategy is framed based on extensive research and internally planned reflection. A good strategy reflects the values and goals of the organization in terms of its vision and mission. All strategies are required and expected to be actionable. Its main focus would be on the desired result. It acts as a foundation for all the activities that happen within the organization.

Main Differences Between Tactics And Strategy

  1. Tactics are short term actions that can be changed frequently, whereas Strategy is a long-term future-focussed action plan that does not change frequently
  2. Tactics are focused on the present situation and a single strategy can have multiple tactics involved, whereas Strategy is future focussed as it relies upon the long-term results and that which abides by the values of the organization.
  3. Tactics are low-risk in their risk management are is highly flexible, whereas Strategy is high-risk in its risk management and is not much flexible.
  4. Tactics are framed by the middle-level management authorities, whereas Strategy is framed by high-level management authorities.
  5. Tactics are reactive in their approach, whereas Strategy is proactive in its approach in the market decision-making process.
  6. Tactics help in planning how a strategy must be taken through in a manner that it becomes a successful strategy, whereas Strategy has multiple tactics on which it depends on the development process.


Tactics are actions or events that focus on the development of the organization in the mid-level. They are short-term goals and can be changed frequently depending on the situation or the condition prevailing then. Strategy is a well-planned long-term aim of the organization that has multiple tactics involved in it.

Tactics and Strategy work hand-in-hand. Tactics are subsets of the Strategy as a whole. Tactics are preventive and have low-risk involved, whereas Strategy has high-risk involved as it cannot be changed frequently. They are those goals that have the values, vision, and mission of the organization in their priorities.


  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3565974
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0305048382900640