Difference Between Transcription and Translation (With Table)

human body is made of the complex structure of DNA that contains many cells,
where each cell has one defined function to perform. Cells must function
properly as it directly affects the immunity and other organs of the body.

What are the steps in DNA translation?

The steps of DNA translation are as follows:

  1. The first step is the activation which is making ready.
  2. The 2nd step is the initiation which is to start.
  3. The third step is the elongation which is to make longer. The final step is the termination which means to stop.

What molecules are involved in translation?

For the process of translation to happen, the following molecules are required: the first molecule is the ribosomes contains all the protein.

The second molecule is ribosomal RNA. The third molecule is the transfer RNA. The fourth molecule is messenger RNA.

Who discovered Translation?

Francis Crick, who was the co-discoverer of the DNA structure is known to be the founder of translation.

He is the one who did the maximum work of deciding the genetic code and helped in developing the related theories of human biology and anatomy.

What is the process of transcription?

Transcription is the process in which the gene of a DNA sequence is copied and made into an RNA molecule.

The first step is activation, the second step is initiation, the third step is elongation and fourth step is termination.

Where does the process of the transcription start?

Transcription is a process that begins when RNA polymer binds with the promoter sequence at the beginning of the gene.

The first step of the transcription process is the activation which is to get ready. The activation step is followed by the initiation.



DNA is the basic building block of any
living organism which stores primary and crucial genetic information of the
individual. There are various by-products of DNA that are used by the body to
function smoothly, especially the cell processes.

Transcription and translation play an indispensable role and are fundamental in the process of DNA functioning.

Any deviation or even a little change can badly impact the entire sequence of processes and would not allow them to function properly.



  1. https://www.nature.com/articles/nrc1753
  2. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/293/5532/1139.short
  3. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1970-20350-001