Difference Between Twitch and Spasm (With Table) 

Muscles happen to be a very crucial part of the human body, and like any organ, there can be certain complications with these muscles. Usually, a pain that is caused in a muscle is known as muscular pain, and depending on certain specific characteristics, this pain can be classified into two types, namely muscle twitch and muscle spasm. 

Twitch vs Spasm 

The main difference between Twitch and Spasm is that the former basically refers to a specific kind of muscular pain in which the muscles contract with each other in a shorter duration, and the pain also happens to be lighter. While on the other hand, in the latter, the muscle contractions are for a very long duration, and usually, there is great pain caused pertaining to such a situation. 

Known as muscle fasciculation as well, a Muscle Twitch is a particular type of disorder caused in the fibers of muscles owing to certain specific conditions. However, the contradiction of muscles in this particular pain happens to be for a shorter duration, and because of this particular reason, the affected person feels a light pain comparatively. 

But on the other hand, a muscle spasm is a completely different kind of pain that occurs in the fibers of muscles. The particular reason behind the occurrence of this particular situation is the contractions between muscles for a longer duration due to day-to-day activities and prolonged diseases. This situation encompasses a serious arena of other disorders and painful conditions. 

Comparison Table Between Twitch and Spasm 

Parameters of Comparison 




The term refers to a specific muscular pain having a less serious nature. 

The term refers to a specific muscular pain having a more serious nature. 

Caused by 

This pain is usually caused by shorter contractions between muscle fibers. 

This pain is usually caused by contractions for longer durations in the muscle fibers. 

Results in 

This particular situation results in light pain in the affected muscle. 

This particular situation results in a severe series of pain. 


Even after all the adverse impacts, the nature of this particular situation is less serious. 

This situation is very serious in itself and can impact the person negatively. 

Treated by 

This situation can easily be treated by light medication. 

This situation requires proper medical attention and other facilities. 

What is Twitch? 

Known as muscle fasciculation as well, a Muscle Twitch is a medical condition depicting a specific pain occurring in certain muscles of the body because of certain contractions between muscle fibers. This particular pain occurs owing to the involuntary contractions that take place in the muscle fibers of many muscles. 

Although this condition is not extremely dangerous for the affected person, it can still cause certain minor complications in specific muscles and can result in light pain for some days. There are several causes due to which this particular situation can take place, and the most prominent one among all of them is the involuntary overexertion of the muscle fibers. It can either be because of following the wrong pattern of physical exercise or because of moving recklessly. 

However, sometimes deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals can also result in this situation, and lack of sleep can also be one of the prominent reasons behind this. In order to treat this particular situation, certain medicines are prescribed generally, and the person is also required to take precautions while opting for any physical exercise. 

What is Spasm? 

Any musculoskeletal pain that stays in the body of a person for a very long duration is usually termed as a muscle spasm. This situation usually occurs due to muscle contractions of relatively long duration and can result in two serious conditions if not treated in time. 

Although the situation can occur in any part of the body, usually, it associates itself with the muscles of the back area of the body. Owing to this particular reason, it is sometimes known as a back spasm as well. The most prominent feature of this particular situation by which it is distinguished from other situations is that it can cause severe pain to the affected person and can lead to continuous adverse impacts on the entire muscle system of the body. 

In most cases, the causes behind this particular situation happen to resemble causes behind a muscle twitch, and certain conditions like anxiety and depression can also lead to this particular situation. In order to treat this particular situation, specific medical attention is required, and the pain is reduced to a certain level by using certain medications. 

Main Differences Between Twitch and Spasm 

  1. Muscle Twitch depicts a particular muscular pain that affects a person for a short term, while on the other hand, Muscle Spasm depicts a particular muscular pain that can affect a person negatively for a very long duration. 
  2. Muscle Twitch is usually caused by shorter contractions between muscles, while on the other hand, Muscle Spasm is usually caused by longer contractions between the muscles. 
  3. Muscle Twitch requires light medication in order to be treated word while on the other hand, Muscle Spasm requires serious medical attention and other facilities. 
  4. Muscle Twitch can cause light pain to the affected person, while on the other hand, Muscle Spasms can cause very severe pain to the affected person. 
  5. Muscle Twitch is comparatively a less serious situation as compared to Muscle Spasm. 


Muscular pain can be a difficult situation for the people who have been affected by this as it not just affects the muscle of the body but also hinders the day-to-day activities involving physical movement. Depending upon different characteristics, different types of muscular pains have been assigned different names so that they could be diagnosed separately in order to provide better treatment to the patients. 

Muscle twitch and muscle spasm are two types of major muscular pain that are very common all across the globe in many people. While the former simply refers to light muscle pain, the latter can be a severe concern for the person affected as it hinders the complete process of physical movement involving prominent muscles all over the body. 


  1. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspb.1951.0025 
  2. https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/abs/10.1302/0301-620x.76b1.8300650