Difference Between Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are wanted for the final well being and environment friendly progress of tissues and functioning of organs. They increase the immune system, act as cofactors for enzymes and assist to maintain the metabolic pathways steady. Vitamins could be both fats soluble or water soluble and some are synthesized within the physique. Important nutritional vitamins are to be supplemented in food plan.

Minerals are inorganic substances which perform in an analogous method and must be replenished within the food plan. These minerals could be categorized into macro minerals and hint minerals. Macro minerals are required in giant portions and hint minerals in smaller portions.

All nutritional vitamins are important for the physique whereas not all minerals are required for the functioning of human organs. Vitamins get destroyed or modified simply into different merchandise within the physique and these modified compounds primarily do the features. Each generally, must be provided within the food plan for sustaining the traditional degree in physique.


Vitamins are natural compounds required by the physique for regular functioning. They assist in fixing the power from meals, blood clotting, sustaining imaginative and prescient, growth of pink blood corpuscles and so forth. The key supply of nutritional vitamins is vegetation and animals. All nutritional vitamins discover a particular perform within the physique. They’re of two sorts, water soluble and fats soluble nutritional vitamins. These properties make them adapt to raised functioning comparable to the situation wherein they perform. For instance, vitamin E is especially efficient towards ageing and protects pores and skin underneath the layers of dermis and is fats soluble thus facilitating its perform and availability on the website.

Fats soluble nutritional vitamins require ample fatty acid ranges for transportation and therefore fats free diets can have an effect on the supply of those nutritional vitamins. These nutritional vitamins are saved within the tissues and utilized when required.

Water soluble nutritional vitamins then again must be replenished by means of the food plan. They must be consistently provided by means of meals since they can’t be saved. Some akin to Vitamin C can neither be synthesized making it a necessity for a great food plan complement. The deficiency beneath the wanted ranges could cause illnesses which could be typically life threatening with related penalties.


Minerals are inorganic compounds which you want both in giant portions or traces. The key minerals you want embrace Calcium, magnesium, sodium, boron, cobalt, copper, chromium, Sulphur, Iodine, iron, manganese, selenium, Zinc, silicon, potassium and phosphorus. Hint minerals consists of Iron, Copper, Manganese, Iodine, Fluoride, Zinc and Selenium. Minerals are obtained from the soil and water on being absorbed into vegetation and animals. About 16 of them are required for various features within the physique though at totally different ranges. Most of them are low weight electrolytes.

Minerals assist in formation of bone and tooth, coagulation of blood, motion of muscle tissues, and in upkeep pH degree of blood. Minerals are current in both pure or fortified diets. The deficiency causes some issues although not classifiable as a illness. Macro-mineral deficiencies nevertheless could be severe to different problems. Minerals usually act as cofactors for protecting the enzymes within the activated state and therefore have a key function in metabolic pathways.

Difference between Vitamins and Minerals

1. Want– All nutritional vitamins are wanted by the human physique for correct functioning whereas all minerals will not be required. Most of about sixteen minerals are discovered to be important for human physique each in giant quantities in addition to traces.

2. Supply– Vitamins are synthesized within the human physique and some are synthesized in vegetation and animals and obtained by means of food plan. The pure and final supply of minerals is the soil and water. From soil, it’s mounted in vegetation and will get transferred to animals together with people.

3. Properties– Vitamins are both water soluble or fats soluble. Fats soluble nutritional vitamins are saved within the physique and they’re often compounds with complicated construction. Minerals are largely components that are easy and having low atomic weights.

4. Impact of warmth – Cooking or heating makes the nutritional vitamins to get destroyed or modified to different types. A number of the types are inactive and require additional processes to get eradicated from the physique. Minerals are often not vulnerable to such modifications since they’re within the easiest elemental kind.

5. Operate – The organic features are totally different for them every taking part in important roles in upkeep, growth and progress of tissues.



Whereas nutritional vitamins and minerals each serve necessary metabolic and structural features within the human physique, we can not eliminate both. Each are wanted in proper portions for correct steadiness and inside homoeostasis. Most nutritional vitamins require the presence of minerals for environment friendly functioning and this co-dependence makes the drug producers to develop dietary supplements which have each the elements. A wholesome and balanced food plan with the ample quantities of those small vitamins will assist to steer a great life type. Whereas cooking, it’s important to protect the nutritional vitamins since they’re warmth labile and can simply result in deficiency situations.